The language of the manuscript must be in English (either American or British standard, but not the mixture of both).
Length of paper
The length of the paper should not exceed 20 pages. Paper containing more than 20 pages of words will be returned to the author(s) to abridge. Articles should be typed in double-space (including footnotes and references) on one side of the paper only (preferably A4) with wide margins. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.
- Title Page
The title page is a separated page before the text. It should include the following information:
The tile should be concise and informative. Try to avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Authors names and affiliations
All manuscripts must be sent without any author names and affiliations in the text or on the title page. Authors’ Names, Surnames, Affiliations, University/Institution, Faculty/Department, e-mail addresses, and ORCID numbers must be added to the system in a separate Word file.
All authors must have an ORCID number. The ORCID number is added under Name and Last Name.
Authors without an ORCID number can register here: https://orcid.org/login
If the research is sponsored or supported by an organization, please indicate it.
A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 150 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should therefore be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to the reference list.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 8 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, ‘and’, ‘of’).
- Subdivision of the article
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1, 2. (then 1.1, 1.1.1, 1.1.2), 1.2, etc. The abstract is not included in section numbering.
- Table and Figures
Present tables and figures at the end of the article. Please note that the article will be published in black and white.
Author(s) should follow the latest edition of APA 7 style in referencing. Please visit www.apastyle.org to learn more about APA style
Citations in the text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Avoid citation in the abstract. Unpublished results and personal communications should not be in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as ‘in press’ implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters “a”, “b”, “c”, etc., placed after the year of publication.
Reference to a journal publication:
Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J., & Lupton R. A. (2000). The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications, 163, 51-59. https://doi.org/10.34936/3.187
Reference to a book:
Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (1979). The elements of style. (3rd ed.). New York: Macmillan, (Chapter 4). https://doi.org/10.34936/3.187
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (1994). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281-304). New York: E-Publishing Inc. https://doi.org/10.34936/3.187
Reference to a web source:
Smith, Joe, (1999), One of Volvo’s core values. http://www.volvo.com/environment/index.htm (July 7, 1999)